Capitalism:

It is an economic system whose base in the capital. The objetives of capitals are to obtain benefit and to invest. Example: United States.




Guild:

It is a group of craftmen with the some profession. Example: The cobblers or shoe makes. They are the people who make and repair shoes.



Former regime:

It is political, economic and social system. That refers primally to the aristocratic, social, and political system estabilished in France under the Valois and Borubon dynasties. The former regime occurs in Europe for the Modern Age. It was used for the first time by the French revolutionaries. Example: England S.XVII century.





Absolutism:


It is as form to govern. The King habe to be acle. In XVII century is desarrolled the elightened despotism


Society estamental:


it the are classified in three estates: Nobility, clergy and third estates.
Agrariam and directed economy: regulation of activity.
The former regime forms three estaments: the monarchy, the clergy and the aristocracic. Society was divided into three Estates of the realm.




Prehistory:

It is period of time since the appearance of the human being until the invention of the writing for 5000 years ago. It is divided in three periods: Paleolithic, Neolithic and Age of Metals.

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Nobility:


It is a estate medieval and of the hold regime. The rich people belonged to the nobility. It was one of the three estates medieval woth the clergy and the Thir Estates. Example middle class.
There are three types of nobility:Nobility inmemorial, nobility of privilege and nobility of blood.
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Nobility inmemorial:


it Refers to families whose origins date back to the time of the fall Roman Empire. Example: the descendant braches the dukes of Septimania.


Nobility of privilege:


It is nobility that gave the monarch of each state as a remard for services rendered to the states being able staff.

Nobility of blood:

It is inherited by the older nobility. Example: nobleman.


Middle class:


it is formed the economic group dynamic. It is wealth increased. Example: the small middle class.


Parliament:


It is an organ where people discuss on the laws. Example: Sapin of parliament.

Capitalism:


It is an economic system whose base in the capital. The objetives of capitals are to obtain benefit and to invest. Example: United States.


Guild:


It is a group of craftmen with the some profession. Example: The cobblers or shoe makes. They are the people who make and repair shoes.

Francisco Franco Bohamonde:


He is known "Franco". He is was born 4th of December of 1892. He died 20th of 1975. Spanish General whose armies took control of Spain in 1939 and who ruled as a dictator until is death .
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Factories:


It is a place where some objects and raw materials are processed. The factories replace labor. Example: paper manufactories.


Unions:


It is organization of employes what defend their work. Example: UGT.


Revolution:


It is a change or transformation from the past.
The french revolution

Liberalism:


It is indoctrinates politic of the century XIX that is based on the liberty concept. The liberalism look for a freedom of expression, presses, asociation, opinion and thought.


Resurgence:


It is in Italian "Risorgimiento". Attemps to unify the Italian nation politically. The resurgence teach the history of lost Italy to demonstrare its importance.
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Empire:


it is to be able of a state that dominates the territories of several nations and is in the hands of the emperor. Also it can talk about to the historical stage. Example: Austrohungarian empire.
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Ilustration:


it is a movement of intellectual character. It is developed in Europe of century XVII. Their ideas inspired the independence of the United States. Their procedents are Isaac Newton and John Locke.

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Montesquieu:

​It is was a a French social commentator. He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers. It was born on June 18, 1689 and he died on February 17, 1755.

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Voltaire:

I was a French writer and philosopher. He is one of the leading figures of the Ilustration. He was born on November 21, 1694 and he died on May 30, 1778.
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Rousseau:

I was a writer, philosopher and musician. He was interested in political philosophy, music, religion, education, literature and botany. He was born on June 28, 1712 and he died on July 2, 1778.

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Anarchism:

The term anarchist is of Greek origin and means "absence of power". Is it a set of ideas that are accumulated. It is very atractive but very difficult to take it to the society. Anarchist want everything to disappear (states, church...) in a more radical way. Anarchism in history has occurred in Latin America, Spain, France ...
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Nacionalism:


It is refers to an ideology, a sentiment, a form of culture, or a social movement that focuses on the nation. While there is significant debate over the historical origins of nations, nearly all specialists accept that nationalism, at least as an ideology and social movement, is a modern phenomenon originating in Europe.
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The French Revolution:

The French Revolution (1789–1799) was a period of radical social and political upheaval in French and European history. The absolute monarchy that had ruled France for centuries collapsed in three years. French society underwent an epic transformation as feudal, aristocratic, and religious privileges evaporated under a sustained assault from liberal political groups and the masses on the streets.
Napoleón


Marxism:

It is the opposite of utopian socialism. They thought that the solutions were ideal but not real. It's
protagonist was Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
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